Know the Truth About HIV/AIDS

 

 

 

HIV is spread through some of the body’s fluids. HIV can be found in:

• blood
• semen
• vaginal fluids
• breast milk
• some body fluids sometimes handled by health care workers (fluids surrounding the brain and spinal cord, bone joints, and around an unborn baby)

 

Abstaining from (not having) sex is the most effective way to prevent HIV transmission. There are several ways to protect yourself or to prevent transmitting HIV during vaginal, oral, or anal sex if you choose to have sex:

• Get tested for HIV and know the HIV status of yourself and your partner
• Be faithful to your sexual partner
• Use condoms or other latex barriers during vaginal, oral, and anal sex, and never re-use condoms or latex barriers.

Transmission of HIV while getting a tattoo or through a body piercing is possible, but it can be prevented through:
• Single-use instruments intended to penetrate the skin being used only once, then disposed of
• Reusable instruments or devices that penetrate the skin and/or contact a client’s blood should be thoroughly cleaned and sterilized between clients according to medical guidelines

These guidelines are the same as those practiced within any medical facility where there is a risk of instruments coming into contact with blood. HIV is passed from one person to another by:
• having sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) with a person who has HIV
• sharing needles with a drug user who has HIV
• during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding if a mother has HIV
• getting transfusions of blood with HIV, which is rare in the United States

HIV does not survive well outside the body and despite many myths about how HIV is transmitted, it cannot be done so through casual, everyday contact. Here are the facts:
• You cannot get HIV from shaking hands or hugging a person with HIV/AIDS
• You cannot get HIV from using a public telephone, drinking fountain, restroom, swimming pool, Jacuzzi, or hot tub
• You cannot get HIV from sharing a drink
• You cannot get HIV from being coughed or sneezed on by a person with HIV/AIDS
• You cannot get HIV from giving blood
• You cannot get HIV from a mosquito bite

To learn more about the facts of HIV/AIDS, please call Prime Care International, Inc. at 443.509.7803, or email: pquenum@yourpci.org

Know your status. Get tested today!

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